Its Arabic name is Lazikiya

Lattakia is Syria’s main seaport on the Mediterranean. Saluqos Nikator named it after his mother Laudetia. Few ancient ruins have survived in Lattakia, such as the “four columns” or the Roman arch from the time of Septiums Severus. Lattakia, the pearl of the coast, blossoms every year during “Al-Mahaba” Festival which takes place from the 2nd  till the 12th of August. This cultural, sportive and artistic event attracts many Arab and foreign tourists.


Its Arabic name is Ras Shamra

Ugarit’s kingdom had a glorious past between the 16th and the 13th centuries B.C. It is the kingdom that gave humanity the first Alphabet in the world due to its genius copyists. This Alphabet, carved on a small clay tablet is kept at the National Museum in Damascus. Documents, statues and jewels from the Ugarit kingdom are also on display at the Lattakia, Aleppo and Tartous museums.   


Its Arabic name is Qal'at Samaan

After the death of St. Simeon, his body was moved to Antioch and the Emperor Zenon ordered that a church be built in the same place he died and named after him. Following that, walls and towers were built around the church, which was turned into a fortress known as St. Simeon Citadel. It became the center of conflict between the Byzantines and Hamdanies until the year 986 A.D. when Sayf Ad-Dawla Al-Hamdani finally captured it.


Its Arabic name is Qal'at Al-Hosn

Known also as the “Kurds Citadel”. In the year 1099 the Crusaders occupied it. In 1142, the crusader prince of Tripoli handed it over to the  “knights of Saint Joseph” known as “Knights of the Hospital”, until the Arab sultan Bebars conquered it with a skilful military plan in the year 1271. It was finally evacuated by the soldiers in 1934 to become a touristic site.



It was discovered during the excavations of Tell Mardikh site. Ebla dates back to the 4th Millennium B.C. and is considered one of the oldest civilizations in the world. The discovery of its royal palace and its library of 17000 clay tablets helped know more about this important civilization.


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